Random collection of terms you may run across
A @ home : Cable Modem IPS (Internet Access Provider)
Adelphia : Cable Company.
ADSL : high speed, always on internet access through “ regular” phone lines (AsymetricDigitalSubscriberLine). Similar to cable modems.
AT&T : Cable & Long Distance Company. Acquired TCI/@home
B Baud : bit/sec
Bandwidth : amount of data that can be transmitted per time.
Bit : smallest unit of information (1/0)
Byte : 8 Bit
Bresnan Cable: Cable Company
C Cat-5 : Category 5 Ethernet Cable. Most frequently used LAN cable these days. Up to 100 Mbite/sec, up to 100m (300 ft) long. CAT-3 is a older version for up to 10 Mbit/sec. Newer version, for even higher speed, are labled CAT-5e or CAT-6.
CompuServe : Dialup Internet service Provider (ISP). Part of AOL and soon time Warner
D Dialup Modem : Modem, which uses regular phone lines to access the Internet.
DHCP : Protocol used to automatically assign various network setting, most notably IP addresses
DNS : DomainNamesSystem. Network of servers used to translate domain and host names (e.g.www.cablemodemhelp.com) in to numerical IP addresses.
DOCSIS : Cable modem standard (Data Over Cable Systems Interface Specification)
E Ethernet : High speed local networking protocol.
H Hub : Device to network several PCs. Frequently used for smaller home/office networks. Basically a network traffic light that avoids two PCs talking at the same time.
I ICS : Internet Connection Sharing, also name of modem sharing software included with Windows 98 SE.
ICMP : Part of the TCP/IP protocol used for network diagnosis.
IP(Address) : Unique number used to identify hosts on the internet.
ISDN : Older high speed (up to 128 kBit/sec) data transmission protocol for phone lines.
ISP : Internet service Provider, company providing internet access.
K KBit : 1000 Bit
KBit : 1024 Bit
L LAN : Local Area Network. Office/home network, usually within a single building
Latenacy/(Lag) : (excessive) response time. Time between sending a request to a server (e.g. web page) and receiving the response.
Linux : free, open source Operating System
M Media One : Major US cable company.
N NAT : Network Address Translation, technique used to share a single IP address to provide internet access to a LAN.
NetBeui : Microsoft networking protocol used to share resources (files, printers) on a LAN
Network : Connection between different PCs which allows data transfer.
O Operating System: Basic Software required for each computer.
OS/2 : Operating System, developed by IBM.
P Packet loss : number of data packets that are lost in transmission.
Patch Cable : cable with all pins connected “1-1”
Ping : program to measure network latency.
Q QoS : Quality of Service. Often used to indicate a certain service level guaranty.
R RoadRunner : Cable Modem ISP.
Router : intelligent network device which is able to transfer data between different networks.
S Solaris : Operating System, developed by SUN.
T TCP/IP : Protocol used to Exchange data over the Internet.
Terminator : Plug used to cover open ends of coaxial cables (e.g. cable TV lines)
Trace route : program to Trace Rout used to transmit data between two computers.
U UDP : Part of the TCP/IP protocol used to exchange data over the internet
UMAX : Network Device manufacturer.
V VPN : Virtual Private Network. Method used to Connect two or More computers securely over a public network like the internet.
W WWW : Word Wide Web:-)
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